Identity Is the Crisis

The fourth issue of Counter-Signals aims to invoke and assemble writing and images that query the aesthetic claims and political-economic stakes of identity, in design and in cultural production more generally. 

“Visual identity” names the highest order project within the discipline of graphic design, historically constituted in post-war capitalist Europe and the US. It enlisted the concepts, forms, and techniques of design modernism towards the consolidation of globalizing language technology corporations like Olivetti and IBM. The project of “corporate identity,” as it became known, reflected and advanced the dematerializing production trajectories of industrial capitalism, organized by concepts of “scientific” and then cybernetic management. Graphic design was used to formally unify corporate information products and their publicity, through totalizing identity systems and the powers of the logo. In this advanced capitalist superstructural project, the corporate identity standards manual produced not only signs and products, but subjectivities as well: the white-skinned, white-collared, grey-flanneled heterosexual male professional class. The production of these subjectivities was understood, within the dystopian collectivity of the corporation, to compose a distinct and homogeneous “corporate culture,” and thus to extend a process by which corporations came to aesthetically appear as sovereign entities on an equal footing with nation states. 

Beginning with Bruce Mau’s identity for the Netherlands Architecture Institute in 1989 (and coinciding with the collapse of the Soviet sphere and the total globalization of capital), the concept of advanced visual identity as a design project has been radically altered, decentering its aesthetics while displacing its field of application. As its forms have become self-consciously dynamic, mutable, fluid, and heterogeneous, its content has shifted from the multinational corporation to the contemporary multicultural art institution. This “postmodern” shift in aesthetics and in domains of representation accompanied another shift in design practice and discourse, one which attempted to reverse the international modernist vector of corporations becoming state-like through the mediation of their visual identity. In the late 80s and 90s, under the aegis of “nation branding,” an array of architectural projects and discourses in a number of countries (with the Netherlands in the vanguard) sought to aesthetically formalize and differentiate nation-states and their institutions within a competitive market, and thus make them like corporations. This moment came hard on the heels of a period marked by various and often hard-fought struggles to define postmodernism and its implications for design, as well as in larger cultural and political contexts. Attempt were made, by both progressive and conservative actors, to define and reify “culture” as a vital force, exactly as, in the increasingly “postindustrial” west, many of the hard realities of material production were being displaced across distant seas and had receded from view. Within the struggles of these “culture wars,” it became possible, and necessary, to think in terms of an “identity politics” that ascribes political agency to cultural difference, while also critiquing the static rigidity, and hubristic claims of rationality by modernist institutions. Ironically, the calls to depoliticize architecture and design and to reject modernist “social engineering” that marked many figurations of postmodernism, ran parallel to a new coupling of cultural politics and “cultural production” that would further blur the already fraught distinction between design and politics. 

This turn towards “culture” and mutability has continued and amplified in the contemporary moment, in the aftermath of postermodernism. Recent identities for the Whitney Museum of Art (Experimental Jetset), the Stedelijk Museum (Mevis and van Deursen), and Documenta 14 (multiple), among many others in the institutional art world, have become the explicit medium for aesthetic demonstrations of multiplicity and difference, rather than the logical deductions of a structure or system. In these projects, it is possible to see an almost-utopian desire for design to embrace and represent — or even to produce — the kind of fluid and open identities that characterize postmodern cultural life. At the same time, the late-capitalist global corporation has seemingly dissolved its claim to visual identity altogether, while its erstwhile form-workers and art directors have been demoted to freelance influence hustlers and bland neoliberal ideologues. The once-monolithic identify edifice of corporate giants like IBM and Olivetti has diffused into vapor, noise, and pulp, and the corporations, or whatever they are at this point, have put aside the iconic clarity of self-presentation in favor of holding up a mirror—a grotesque distorting fun house mirror—to their audience/consumers. 

This profound shift in both the form and content of advanced visual identity work mirrors the one that Paul Preciado has articulated, from industrial commodity production to what he has termed the pharmacopornographic production of subjectivities. “Industrial work,” he writes, “has turned into biopolitical labor; and what is being produced is gender, sexual desire, and subjectivity as multi-media commodities”1. Capital has always deployed divisions of gender, as well as race and cultural representations of class, to reproduce itself. If, however, the old regime of modernist corporate identity produced white heteronormative subjects largely through disciplinary managerial means, then in the contemporary social factory of late capitalism, we are now explicitly summoned to produce and reproduce ourselves as gendered, sexed, and racialized subjectivities, through dispositifs of drugs and images, relentlessly customized by the hidden algorithms of online platforms controlling our spectacular circulation. In these newer and softer regimes of control (coincidental with the shift in focus, in the field of design, to relational forms marked by “interaction” and “user experience”), the emancipatory promise of openness and flexibility is conjoined to a forcing-down and inward of design—as an agency of power and control—deeper into the private self, in ways that leave increasingly fewer blank spaces for negativity, excess, and resistance. 

A host of pressing questions are thereby raised about the status of many of the old revolutionary projects of modernism. If industrial production has been supplanted by a new regime of semiotic and biopolitical self-production, how might we conceptualize a collective resistance to this late capitalist multi-media regime of identity? What new images can we produce to short-circuit this political and aesthetic economy of control? What new procedures of interpellation might we self-organize for the reproduction, not of individualized gendered bodies and mental attentions for capital, but of emancipated subjects for new autonomous and collective pleasures? Is it possible to seize control of the contemporary mean of subjective reproduction? Can we occupy these new factories? Can we break the chain that representationally fastens a signifier to a signified and thereby interrupt or shut down the semiotic apparatus that produces abstractions of sex and gender? Alternatively, are there paths of flight which can be identified to lead us out into a new ground, a new space? Can we, like the groovy hippies of old, building space-age geodesic domes on their back-to-the-land farm communes, be free to construct our own identities from fragments of the old and new? Or can we, dialectically, like the punks of the Xerox machine, cut ourselves into pieces and reassemble the shapes in new orders, new dreams, new pleasures, and new alliances?  

There is no need for hope or fear, but only to look for new weapons2.


  1. Beatriz Preciado. Pornotopia: An Essay on Playboy’s Architecture and Biopolitics. Zone. 2014. pp 10–11. 

  2. Gilles Deleuze. “Postscript on the Societies of Control”. October, Vol. 59. (Winter, 1992), p 4. 

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(All the Way) Down with Platforms!
#3
Fall 2018 – Winter 2019
Edited by Alan Smart and Jack Henrie Fisher
Published by Other Forms
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Alan Smart
Turtles

Heath Schultz
On Pamphlets and Class Struggle: Notes on The Communist Manifesto, Part 1

Tom Fisher
Literary Communism and Communal Poetics, Part 3

John Komurki
The Risograph in Context: Notes towards 
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Brian Ang
From The Totality Cantos, 18–22

Nicole Marroquin
The Froebel Uprising of 1973: Recovering the Struggle for Benito Juarez Community Academy High School

Nicholas Thoburn
Homely and Unheimlich: The Brutalist Mound at Robin Hood Gardens

Simon Sadler
Architecture Mustn’t Burn

Experimental Jetset
Superstructure

McKenzie Wark
The Vectoralist Class, Part 1

Hannah Bruckmüller
Un Autre Monde: Another Encounter with Marcel Broodthaers

Michelle Weinroth
Soldiering through a Land of Lies: William Morris, Communism, and The Story of the Glittering Plain

Dominique Hurth
Séance de Lecture

Danielle Aubert
Black & Red, Issue 6½ (1969)

Andrew Shurtz
Agitate then Negotiate: Artifacts from the Life of Helen Sargent Hitchcock

Leah Pires
We All Know What the Problems Are, but Who Now Meets Them Directly?
Aesthetic Services circa 1980

McKenzie Wark
The Vectoralist Class, Part 2

Library Stack
Archive Sophistry and False Futures

Nicolás Pradilla
Between Desire and Deterritorialization: Read-Aloud Questions about Cooperativism, Affective Networks, and the Co-production of Meaning amid the Expansion of Labor-Exploitation into the Domain of Subjectivity and the Entirety of Everyday Life

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Hieroglyphs of the Anti-commodity
#2
Fall 2017 – Winter 2018
Edited by Jack Henrie Fisher
Published by Other Forms
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Jack Henrie Fisher
Editorial

Alan Moore
Edit deAk (1950–2017)

Chris Reeves
Alloturgies in the Annex: Something Else Press and the Fluxus Mode of Production

Lucy Mulroney
Self-woven, Self-shod, and Self-liberated

T’ai Smith
Fashion Capitalism, Part 2: 
The Frock Coat and the Value Form

T’ai Smith
Fashion Capitalism, Part 3: 
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Lisa Vinebaum
New Demands, Part 1

Eirik Steinhoff
Scenes of Instruction, Scenes of Insurrection

Nane Diehl
Bookmark

Jennifer Scappettone
1-M@n Dr1ll: Smokepenny Lyrichord Heavenbred, Act III

Francesco Marullo
Ocean Flights and Crashed Planes: A Reading of Brecht’s Two Learning Plays

John A. Tyson
Between Marxism and Cybernetics: Seth Siegelaub’s Committed Compilations

David Bennewith
Technical Images for Social Engineering

Charlotte Taillet and Joel Colover
Imagine holding out your hands and catching words, pictures, and information floating by.

Josh MacPhee
Anarchism in your Pocket: The Rise of Mass-market Anti-authoritarianism

Christopher Burke
Modernism and Traditionalism: 
Points of Convergence in 
European Typography, 1925–1950

Chris Lee
Strike and Riot: A Possible Syllabus

Tom Fisher
Literary Communism and Communal Poetics, Part 2

Alexander Negrelli
Untotal Recall.zip: Basic Remarks 
on CGI

Nellie Kluz
Feedback in Radical Software

Juliette Cezzar 
(illustrations by TXTbooks)
The Digital Dilemna: Meaning, Environment, Counter-culture, 
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Bertolt Brecht
The Radio as an Apparatus of Communication

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Militant Print / A Form Oriented Towards its Own Circulation
#1
Fall 2016 – Winter 2017
Edited by Jack Henrie Fisher
Published by Other Forms
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Jack Henrie Fisher
Dear Vanguard …

Mladen Dolar
The Smoking Communism

Katharina Stadler
A Sketch of Myths and Legacies: Tbilisi’s Illegal Printing Press, 1904–1906, 1937, 2016

Thomas Fisher
Literary Communism and Communal Poetics

Emma Holmes
Schizm mini-issue

Danielle Aubert
The Politics of The Joy of Printing in Detroit

Mary Ikoniadou
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Fashion Capitalism, Part 1: Redressing Dressage, Managing Style

Lucy Mulroney
excerpts from La danse et la gymnastique by Raymond Duncan

Eirik Steinhoff
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Nasrin Himada
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Alan Smart
Rules for Breaking in: Squatter’s Handbooks as Radical Specifications

Nasrin Tabatabai and Babak Afrassiabi
Letters that Go Folded into Shredder, 2008–2011

Josh MacPhee
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Stocklists

Printed Matter, NYC

McNally Jackson, NYC

Graham Foundation Bookstore, Chicago

Quimby’s, Chicago

Oooga Booga, Los Angeles

Pro Qm, Berlin

After 8 Books, Paris

Hopscotch Reading Room, Berlin

Aeromoto, Mexico City

Casa Bosques, Mexico City

San Serriffe, Amsterdam

Lugemik, Tallinn

Salon für Kunstbuch, Vienna

Art Metropole, Toronto

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